Poultry Industry in the Kingdom and Vision 2030 and National
Transition Programs 2020
The cultural committee of the Department of Arid Land Agriculture,
Faculty of Meteorology, Environment and Arid Land Agriculture held a
discussion session where Prof. Dr. Youssef Abd El-Wahab Attia, Professor
of Poultry Science in the department of Arid Land Agriculture, presented
a seminar entitled "Poultry Industry in the Kingdom and Vision 2030 and
National Transition Programs 2020". Professor Attia discusses poultry
industry as an important tool to fulfill animal protein needs of
Kingdom's under the strategic objectives of the 2030 vision of the
Kingdom. The vision aims to achieve prosperity and food security and
sustainable Agriculture development. Professor Attia discussed the
goals, mechanisms and strategic plan to achieve the initiative of the
Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture to increase the level of
self-sufficiency from 42-60%. Dr.
Attia pointed out that the consumption per capita of the Kingdom of eggs
is about 149 eggs and 41.2 kg of
poultry meat and the Kingdom
imports about 1 million tons of Poultry meat of value of about $ 2.0
billion USD. The Saudis prefer fresh meat than frozen one of 4: 1 ratio.
Poultry industry is one of the most promising industries in the Kingdom
because of its popularity among citizens and residents due to lower
prices compared to meat of sheep and cattle as well as the quality of
poultry meat and its high content of nutrients and unsaturated fats and
their great health benefits.
Dr. Attia also
pointed out that about 12 major companies controlled poultry production
in Saudi Arabia of which are the pillars of the industry are Fakieh,
where they produced about 80% of the production capacity. The estimated
production of Kingdom is about 4 billion table eggs and 520 million of
Even though, the poultry industry in the Kingdom faces some challenges,
which can be summarized as follows:
of most production requirements.
and high mortality rates.
fluctuations throughout the year.
external dumping principle.
production cost compared to the global cost.
production standard compared to world standard production rates.
Professor Attia recommended increasing the investment in poultry
industry as promising industry with reasonable job creation power and
facilitating the investment in it by providing the necessary loans and
funds to encourage the investment, increasing the state grants for
poultry projects, exemptions of tax and customs for five years, issuing
the necessary legislation to protect the local product from dumping. He
also recommended establishing the National Poultry
Institute as a nucleus for the development of Poultry industry in the